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The contemporary dental practice is inclined toward teeth preservation and preventive methods' use to avoid, if possible, extensive and invasive treatments. However, if a tooth is severely damaged, the dentist might have no option but to extract it.
To perform a tooth extraction, the dentist requires different tools and appliances, such as dental elevators and anesthesia. However, among the wide variety of tools available, dental forceps are indispensable and irreplaceable.
Dental forceps are large and sturdy tools used to hold a tooth and extract it. They look similar to pliers. However, the instrument's tip is designed to fit perfectly around the neck of the tooth's crown.
Dental forceps are made of stainless steel. Nonetheless, some models have tungsten carbide in their composition. These materials turn the forceps into reliable tools that won't break when heavy forces are applied. Furthermore, they don't erode even after constant contact with saliva, blood, water, or other cleansing substances.
These tools can be sterilized in an autoclave and dry heat sterilizer. Therefore, they are entirely safe to use in surgical tooth extraction procedures. Nonetheless, the dentist or dental hygienist must ensure to wash them thoroughly before sterilizing them. Dental forceps shouldn't have any blood stains before placing them inside the Autoclave Sterilizer. Otherwise, the sterilization process might be compromised.
Every dental forceps consist of three parts:
● Handle (inactive part):
The handle is the part where the dentist holds the instrument. It consists of two straight and parallel arms. In some models, one of the arms has a curved end. This provides support and stability for the pinky finger while holding the forceps.
The inner portion of the handles has a smooth surface. However, the exterior part of the handles is serrated. This provides a better grip, a more comfortable position, a higher confidence during surgical procedures, and prevents the forceps from slipping accidentally.
● Beak (active part):
The beak is the portion that holds the tooth. It is designed to grasp around the tooth's crown. The shape of the beak varies depending on the forceps model and the tooth it is intended to extract.
The beak of the anterior forceps has a rounded, smooth surface. Meanwhile, posterior tooth forceps can have a pointed tip to grip around the tooth's furcation.
The hinge connects the handle with the beak. It allows the dentist to open and close the dental forceps beak while performing the tooth extraction.
Dental forceps come in different shapes depending on which tooth they are designed for.
Maxillary forceps tend to have a straight beak for anterior teeth. Nonetheless, it is slightly curved for posterior teeth.
Mandibular forceps have an angled beak that allows the dentist to safely hold lower teeth.